Public Environmental Center for Sustainable Development

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Tons of dangerous pesticides will be burn near Devnya

Hundreds of tons of dangerous pesticides could be burned near Devnya. The possibility of this  happening, without public procurement and by unclear technology, is regulated by the Law of Measures during the State of Emergency. Bulgaria does not have facilities for disposal of obsolete pesticides guaranteeing compliance with the requirements of the Stockholm Convention. This is stated in an open letter from the Coalition “To Stay Nature in Bulgaria”, part of which is the Public Environmental Center for Sustainable Development (PECSD). However, a check on Ecovarna.info showed that two companies in Bulgaria hold permits for the on-site incineration of hazardous waste, classified under code 20 01 19. Both are Sofia-based and have been approved for the same waste treatment site of over 3.6 decares in the area opposite the town of Devnya. The permit of Ecoseif Ltd. is from August last year for 1000 tons / year, and for the company “VIP Ecology” Ltd. for the same quantity as of October 2018, without the owner of the site specified in the documents.

According to the descriptions of the technological process, the pesticides will be combusted in chamber furnaces with periodic action. This type of furnace is not suitable for the incineration of hazardous waste, incl. pesticides, for a number of technical reasons, the environmental ministry said. According to him, there is a risk of incomplete burning due to lack of sufficient control of the mandatory minimum temperature, as well as the formation of dioxins and furans – proven carcinogenic pollutants that permanently damage the body. There is also no clarity about the ash, slag and flue gas generated from the process.

The lack of suitable facilities for burning pesticides in our country has been confirmed by the statement of Georgi Markov, Chief Expert at the Enterprise for Environmental Protection Management (EMEPA) in September last year.

Speaking at the time of the adoption of the legal changes due to the state of emergency, the Minister of Environment and Water Emil Dimitrov told in Parliament: “The pesticides we have collected are from our contract with Switzerland (in 2010 Bulgaria concludes a contract for a disposal project pesticides – BA). The program is over, but we are committed to clean up. The pesticides will be burned at the only incinerator licensed. This is the end of the Swiss program. There is no conflict here. Why are you creating it?”.

“Pesticides are among the most dangerous organic pollutants. The problem is that their storage costs too much for their owners. However, if done correctly, it is safer for humans and the environment than burning them, “commented Ilian Iliev of PECSD.

Vanya Zaharieva of the Breathe Devnya Association comment the voted decision with the Law on Measures during the State of Emergency as “unlawful, untimely and very questionable”. “I believe that Bulgarian and European institutions will investigate the case and things will come to light,” Zaharieva said. According to her, the civil association “Breathe, Devnya” will actively promote this to happen because of the life and health of the people in Devnya, Varna, Provadia and the neighboring settlements.

“The state of emergency in Bulgaria and other European countries caused by the Covid-19 virus does not in any way imply the combustion of toxic substances without the necessary safety technologies. On the contrary, such action poses a potential threat to the health of people living near installations where pesticides will be incinerated, ”the open letter addressed to the Ministry of Environment and Waters, National Assembly, Parliamentary Committee on the Environment, the Attorney General, the Embassy of Switzerland and the Environment Directorate of the European Commission.


С подкрепата на:
Проектът "Подобряване на общественото познание за ролята на гражданскатат организация за общността" се изпълнява с финансовата подкрепа на Исландия, Лихтенщайн и Норвегия по линия на Финансовия механизъм на ЕИП. Основната цел на проекта е подобряване информираността на гражданите за ролята на неправителствените организации в обществото.
Този материал е създаден с финансовата подкрепа на Фонд Активни граждани България по Финансовия механизъм на Европейското икономическо пространство. Цялата отговорност за съдържанието на документа се носи от Обществен център за околна среда и устойчиво развитие и при никакви обстоятелства не може да се приема, че този материал отразява официалното становище на Финансовия механизъм на Европейското икономическо пространство и Оператора на Фонд Активни граждани България.

Design “What EcoVarna Looks Like”!

The Public Environmental Center for Sustainable Development (PESD) challenges the people of Varna to think positively in a difficult state of emergency. Let’s imagine how we want our favorite place for walks to look like, the garden in front of the block, our street. Draw, sketch, describe “What does EcoVarna look like!”

What EcoVarna Looks Like is part of the Public Spaces Active initiative, which aims to encourage the creation of better urban design through the use of different creative models by local communities.

The EcoVarna Look Out competition with projects for your favorite spot, your street or inter-block space will continue until at least 12 proposals have been collected. They must meet the following conditions:

– to strike a balance between natural and anthropogenic factors and create preconditions for sustainable development of Varna;

– contain a brief explanatory section on the location of the public territory, its current state and a vision for its future development;

– be accompanied by a visualization – a picture of the current state and a color sketch, a scheme of the future;

– be accompanied by a short CV of the author;

– be emailed to: ecovarna.info@gmail.com.

The projects will be published on ecovarna.info. Upon completion of the initiative, they will be submitted to the Union of Architects – Varna Company, seeking opportunities to turn the best into architectural projects. All 12 ideas of what EcoVarna looks like will be formally presented at an exhibition during the Civic Forum “Conference on Democracy 2021”, which takes place annually on the last Saturday in February.

The Public Spaces Active Initiative is being implemented through the Center for Sharing and Supporting Working Citizens’ Initiatives, which was opened earlier this year at 14 Sava Radulov Street in Varna. Through the initiative, PECSD lends a hand to Varna’s Anton Bogdev, a design engineer by profession, who turned to the Center with proposals for redevelopment of certain urban areas by building green infrastructure. Some of them are the first draft proposals in the initiative “What does EcoVarna look like” – construction of a park on the dividing island on “Al. Stamboliiski ”and the leaf-by-leaf park in Chaika quarter. Both projects are in Chaika.

“Public Spatial Planning” is organized under the project “Improving Public Awareness of the Role of the Civic Organization for the Community”.


С подкрепата на:
Проектът "Подобряване на общественото познание за ролята на гражданскатат организация за общността" се изпълнява с финансовата подкрепа на Исландия, Лихтенщайн и Норвегия по линия на Финансовия механизъм на ЕИП. Основната цел на проекта е подобряване информираността на гражданите за ролята на неправителствените организации в обществото.
Този материал е създаден с финансовата подкрепа на Фонд Активни граждани България по Финансовия механизъм на Европейското икономическо пространство. Цялата отговорност за съдържанието на документа се носи от Обществен център за околна среда и устойчиво развитие и при никакви обстоятелства не може да се приема, че този материал отразява официалното становище на Финансовия механизъм на Европейското икономическо пространство и Оператора на Фонд Активни граждани България.

Alternative currency can revive civil society

Establish local cooperatives to operate with an alternative civilian currency in parallel with the official one. This was cited as one of the instruments for reviving the civil society in our country during the Conference on Democracy 2020. The Sixth Civil Forum was held on February 29 and March 1 in Varna.

Regional currencies around the world are used as a means of socialization, cooperation and sharing and are at the heart of a more ethical and equitable economy. The idea for their creation in Bulgaria was suggested during the World Café conference. His theme this year was The Crisis of Statehood and Citizens’ Initiative. Participants sought the answer to the question: “What would we do in our wildest dreams to restore confidence in civil society?” All the answers led to the summary that people should act together. Develop active civic awareness practices such as cooperatives, neighborhood communities, and even the introduction of neighborhood composting. The confidence of active citizens must be restored. This would not have been possible without the presence of a middle class and a fair economy, the attendees were adamant. One of the ways of doing so – alternative regional currencies – will be the topic of the next Democracy Conference, participants of this year’s forum united.

In order to make it easier for all in the foreseeable future civic education in all schools is needed, as well as information meetings with young people in high schools and universities, NGO representatives say.

Among the most exotic proposals to restore confidence in civil society was the introduction of an informal monarchy and matriarchy, or the empowerment of women in all spheres of public life. Others in the forum imagined a “magic wand” or “driftwood” to create a working judicial system.

Unified, independent, active and in an environment of audibility – this is how, according to participants in the 2020 Conference on Democracy, an ideal civil society functions. “We still have a lot of work to do to achieve this. The important thing is not to give up, ”said Ilian Iliev of the Public Environmental Center for Sustainable Development (PECSD).

The Annual Civic Forum Conference on Democracy 2020 has been organized by PECSD, at the initiative of Arch. Kalina Miteva (Pavlova) and in partnership with the Environmental Association For the Earth. The Forum was created to celebrate the remarkable development of civil society in Varna since 2009 and to provide a platform for activities in support of democratic values.

The sixth edition of the conference was carried out under the project “Improving public awareness of the role of the civic organization for the community”, implemented with the financial support of Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway under the EEA Financial Mechanism.


С подкрепата на:
Проектът "Подобряване на общественото познание за ролята на гражданскатат организация за общността" се изпълнява с финансовата подкрепа на Исландия, Лихтенщайн и Норвегия по линия на Финансовия механизъм на ЕИП. Основната цел на проекта е подобряване информираността на гражданите за ролята на неправителствените организации в обществото.
Този материал е създаден с финансовата подкрепа на Фонд Активни граждани България по Финансовия механизъм на Европейското икономическо пространство. Цялата отговорност за съдържанието на документа се носи от Обществен център за околна среда и устойчиво развитие и при никакви обстоятелства не може да се приема, че този материал отразява официалното становище на Финансовия механизъм на Европейското икономическо пространство и Оператора на Фонд Активни граждани България.

радиоактивни отпадъци

Radioactive waste is not an isolated case

Radioactive cargo at Bulgarian ports is not an isolated incident, a check on Ecovarna.info showed. The problem is that they are discovered through random rather than targeted or regular inspections, and that information about them is scarce, unplanned and disappears quickly, environmentalists comment.

The container for radioactive waste at the port of Varna – West was caught yesterday by a random inspection of TIR. The container was filled with scrap and placed on a special platform. Pre-trial proceedings have been initiated. The prosecution will decide when and if the load should be opened. By then, authorities said there was no danger to the health of port workers.

Two to three times a year

poor radiation from scrap containers happens to be detected, the daily reported, citing port authorities. How weak they are and what the health risk is when they are accumulated is unclear. On the territory of the port operator there are radiation sensors that provide information on radiation levels 24 hours a day. However, Port of Varna EAD is silent on far more harmless information, such as the burning waste that passed through the RDF port, for which the PECSD has asked for access to the Public Information Act.

In August last year, information appeared on social networks from the wife of a Varna-West docker, who claimed the man had identified a Geiger counter

increased radioquality in waste from Italy

“It has long been known that waste often arrives with broken packaging, flowing, smelly, and until that day, perhaps even before that, with dangerous contents” the post says. The woman adds that everyone is aware, but workers are silent because they are scared to loose their jobs. The information is published by Actualno.com, but they fail to receive specific answers from the responsible institutions.

Half a year later, the information has been confirmed. At the end of January, 102 containers of Italian garbage in Varna-West turn out to be full of everything else, but not the declared plastic and rubber for recycling. Moreover, bales haven’t been evacuated, which is a requirement of the Bulgarian legislation. Verification and disclosure would probably never have taken place if they had not been brought in with an expired storage regime.

A dozen days earlier, with suspected radioactivity, another imported waste was checked, this time at the port of Burgas. It was also labelled “Green waste” so not to be subject to the notification and consent procedure of the receiving State. It turns out to be mostly iron and textiles. Authorities reassure that no radioactive or toxic waste has been identified.

About the unspoken agreement between the institutions

not to share such information publicly we should refer to a case of May 2014. A metal container with radioactive waste was opened in the port of Varna – West. The information was accidentally disclosed 10 days after the incident, because the case appears as a signal in the weekly newsletter of the Regional Health Inspectorate in Varna. The health inspectors then learned from the Regional Fire Safety and Population Department that a radioactive source had been discovered in a metal container near the container terminal at the port of Varna – West. The alpha, beta, and gamma values ​​and the perimeter affected were not specified in the newsletter. After the blowout of the incident, reassuring information had been released that “no danger of radiation damage to the occupationally engaged persons and danger to the population was identified”.

The Nuclear Regulatory Agency is in charge with the control of the radioactive waste in our country in accordance with the Law on the Safe Use of Nuclear Energy. However, they do not deal with the control of the import of waste, for which in recent years there have been reports of such irregularities.


С подкрепата на:
Проектът "Подобряване на общественото познание за ролята на гражданскатат организация за общността" се изпълнява с финансовата подкрепа на Исландия, Лихтенщайн и Норвегия по линия на Финансовия механизъм на ЕИП. Основната цел на проекта е подобряване информираността на гражданите за ролята на неправителствените организации в обществото.
Този материал е създаден с финансовата подкрепа на Фонд Активни граждани България по Финансовия механизъм на Европейското икономическо пространство. Цялата отговорност за съдържанието на документа се носи от Обществен център за околна среда и устойчиво развитие и при никакви обстоятелства не може да се приема, че този материал отразява официалното становище на Финансовия механизъм на Европейското икономическо пространство и Оператора на Фонд Активни граждани България.

Хакатон за студенти и ученици ще се проведе от 20 до 22 март във Варна.

Smart environmental solutions will be developed by students

Smart applications for the environment will be one of the area in which students will compete during the “Smart Solutions for Smart Varna” hackathon. The competition will be held from March 20 to 22 in Varna. Participants will have the opportunity to be creative in several areas, including: environment and infrastructure; digital transformation in education; digitalization in management and administration; sports and entertainment.

The event is free of charge and aims to attract students with an interest in IT. Participants must be 15 years or older. Teams of 2 to 5 people are drawn up to prepare a software or hardware project with a technology of their choice. According to the predefined theme, the goal is to create a concept and develop a pilot version of the application.

During the event will be provided mentors, food and drinks, certificates of participation and special awards for the best teams.

The inauguration will take place on March 20, 2020 in Hall 1 of YIU – Varna, after that the competition will continue in halls 50 – 53 at the Center for Research and Application of New Information and Communication Technologies (CIPNICT).

Hackathon Smart Solutions for Smart Varna is being organized to celebrate the 100th anniversary of Varna University of Economics in collaboration with Mentormate and Varna Municipality.


С подкрепата на:
Проектът "Подобряване на общественото познание за ролята на гражданскатат организация за общността" се изпълнява с финансовата подкрепа на Исландия, Лихтенщайн и Норвегия по линия на Финансовия механизъм на ЕИП. Основната цел на проекта е подобряване информираността на гражданите за ролята на неправителствените организации в обществото.
Този материал е създаден с финансовата подкрепа на Фонд Активни граждани България по Финансовия механизъм на Европейското икономическо пространство. Цялата отговорност за съдържанието на документа се носи от Обществен център за околна среда и устойчиво развитие и при никакви обстоятелства не може да се приема, че този материал отразява официалното становище на Финансовия механизъм на Европейското икономическо пространство и Оператора на Фонд Активни граждани България.

Petition against the import of incineration waste

Public Environmental Center for Sustainable Development (PECSD) launches petition against the incineration of imported waste in Bulgaria. The document will be submitted to the National Assembly, the Council of Ministers and the Ministry of Environment and Water (MOEW).

Here is the full text that you can sign here:

Dear Members of Parliament,

Mr Prime Minister,

Dear Minister,

We, the citizens of the Republic of Bulgaria, insist on:

Prohibited the import into the territory of Bulgaria of waste with code 19 12 10, the so-called RDFs (modified fuels derived from waste) that release hazardous substances during their combustion and a complete ban on the import of all other waste destined for incineration on the territory of Bulgaria.
Identification of the properties of each waste prior to its import on the basis of laboratory tests, including on the combustion of waste.
Adopt measures to improve controls on compliance with the applicable regulations related to the import of all types of waste for the purpose of recovery, disposal, storage or re-export.
Creation and maintenance of a public register of all companies that import, transport, store and utilize waste on the territory of Bulgaria.
Establishment and maintenance of a public register of imported, disposed, utilized and re-exported waste on the territory of Bulgaria.
According to data released in 2018 by the European Environment Agency, Bulgaria ranks first in Europe in terms of air pollution and first in terms of deaths from dirty air (211 per 100,000 people). In 2017, Bulgaria was sanctioned by the European Court of Justice for regularly exceeding the limit values ​​for fine particulate matter in the air. A lawsuit against our country was filed last year for failing to comply with sulfur dioxide standards.

We are convinced that much of the pollution is due to the combustion, called “recovery” of waste imported as RDF fuel, with heterogeneous, often unclear and dubious composition.

The losses that our economy will suffer from the ban on the import of waste for combustion are disproportionate compared to the damage to the health of the Bulgarians and the image that is gaining our country as a “destination for waste”.


С подкрепата на:
Проектът "Подобряване на общественото познание за ролята на гражданскатат организация за общността" се изпълнява с финансовата подкрепа на Исландия, Лихтенщайн и Норвегия по линия на Финансовия механизъм на ЕИП. Основната цел на проекта е подобряване информираността на гражданите за ролята на неправителствените организации в обществото.
Този материал е създаден с финансовата подкрепа на Фонд Активни граждани България по Финансовия механизъм на Европейското икономическо пространство. Цялата отговорност за съдържанието на документа се носи от Обществен център за околна среда и устойчиво развитие и при никакви обстоятелства не може да се приема, че този материал отразява официалното становище на Финансовия механизъм на Европейското икономическо пространство и Оператора на Фонд Активни граждани България.

радиоактивни отпадъци

Destination Waste

At the end of last year the usual news of illegal imports of counterfeit and excise goods, which flooded the media during holiday time, were displaced by waste imports.

Italian rubbish

815 tonnes of illegal rubbish were stopped by police near Milan in December. The cargo represented the end products of treated plastic, not as it was written in the documents – recycled plastic. Since June 2015, the Chairman of the Public Environmental Center for Sustainable Development (PECSD) Ilian Iliev has been monitoring the import of waste through the Port of Varna.

Since we are following the process, the topic has escalated twice in the public space – before the May 2019 Euro elections and before last October’s local elections, Iliev says. Various media have taken up the issue, but real measures by the state have not been reached, as the Chairman of PECSD believes. According to him, there was a feeling in the society that the business was to blame for the burning, and Kovachki was insulted as a specific culprit.

Since 2016, PECSD has regularly published on Facebook its photos and videos of waste bales waiting at the Varna port or traveling by BDZ wagons. Over the years, various citizens have helped us with monitoring, but they have remained anonymous, Ilian Iliev says. One of the first pictures we received was from an activist – a worker at Varna West, the ecologist recalls. The result was a meeting of port workers in which theey have been threatened that if caught taking pictures with the aim to give them to environmentalists they would have been fired immediately.

BDZ employees have also been watching the process for years, but their comment is only: “the smell poisons us”.

Since the beginning of 2018, imports have accelerated. Most analysts attribute it to the ban imposed by China on the import of plastic waste and more than 20 other recycling materials.

In February 2019 Ilian Iliev reports on the topic of the Conference on Democracy, which environmentalists organize annually in Varna. One of the guest associate professors and a civic activist from Peru makes a shocking speech. According to him, Bulgaria is known in the South American country not as a place for recreation and tourism, but as a destination for waste.

From the EU or from Africa?

With a frequency of about 25-40 days bales are unloaded at the Port of Varna, the Chairman of PECSD stated. The bales are labeled ‘rifiuti non pericolosi’ (non-hazardous waste – Italian). There is also a date of production, a producer company and a code for the waste itself. The waste comes mainly from Italy and the United Kingdom, but as large multinationals are involved, it is difficult to identify the source of the garbage. For example, one of the importers, Deco S.p.A., is part of a well-known company in Italy and abroad for the construction of tanks and systems for the wine, food and chemical industries. However, the company is also the founder of the Italian-Tunisian Ecoti, which operates landfills throughout Tunisia (North Africa).

In 2018, environmentalists monitor more than twenty ships importing waste through Varna ports. In addition to the port of Odessos, the PECSD Chairman also registered imports through Varna West. The waste that arrives at Odessos is transported from BDZ to the cement plant in Beli Izvor, Ilian Iliev says. The garbage from Varna West is transported by truck to Devnya Cement. The head of the Varna Association has also managed to locate one of the sources of export of waste for our country: Hartlepool Port – North East UK.

What do we import?

The garbage, intended for burning, is imported in Bulgaria with code 19 12 10. These are the so-called RDF – modified fuels derived from waste. Legislation requirements for this type of waste are non-hazardous, combustible and shredded to a certain extent so that they do not cause technical problems in the installations. Due to the heterogeneous waste, the so-called RDF fuel has variable parameters – calorific value, emission factor, biomass fraction, etc. Using RDF as a fuel for TPPs instead of coal leads to a significant reduction in the cost of purchasing allowances for greenhouse gas emissions. This type of incentive is enshrined in the EU Waste Framework Directive, where waste incineration was reclassified into the category “energy recovery” 10 years ago. The Association of Irish Environmental Physicians (IDEA) petitioned the European Parliament in 2009 against the request for reclassification of the incineration, focusing on the harmful effects of this process on public health. The document fails to change the will of the politicians.

There is another category, the so-called green list of EU waste. Such, for example, are plastic and rubber with code 19 12 04. Shipment of green waste is not subject to prior written notification and consent from the country of destination. They shall be accompanied solely by a document referred to in Annex 7 to Regulation (EC) No 1013/2006 and a written recovery contract between the carrier and the consignee. This type of waste (according to documents) was discovered in mid-August last year at the site of the Maritza 3 TPP at the behest of citizens. Upon inspection of the site, it was found that there were other materials between the plastic materials, ie. the waste didn’t match the code with which it was imported.
According to the Ministry of Environment and Water, only 3% of the waste in Bulgaria is incinerated in TPPs, and Maritsa is not among them. The remaining 97% go to cement kilns. What is happening then on the sites of the cement plants in Bulgaria?

Does anybody know?

By referring to the Access to Public Information Act, PECSD  asked to five institutions in an attempt to obtain data on the amount of imported, transported and used combustion waste, their sources as well as the enterprises operating RDF waste for the period 2014-2019: to the Ministry of Environment and Water (MOEW), to the Executive Environmental Agency (EEA), to the Regional Inspectorates of Environment and Water in Varna and Bourgas as well as to the Port of Varna.

The Ministry of Environment and Water referred us to the Basel Convention and the parliamentary scrutiny of the National Assembly in order to be informed about the quantities of RDF waste that have entered our country since 2014, as well as their sources.

The Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Waters in Varna has informed of the quantities it has checked for the period. The EEA refuses to provide information because 2019 has not been reported. EEA experts did not understand our questions about the sources of waste and the amount to which treatment activities were carried out for the period 2014-2019.

About RIEW-Burgas, it is unknown why they referred the questions to the Varna Inspectorate.

And the Port of Varna is still silent.

In response to environmental expert Neno Dimov from the parliamentary rostrum in September this year it is clear that in 2017, about 72,000 tonnes of energy recovery litter for cement plants were imported to Bulgaria. In 2018, the amount is 85,000 tonnes. Nearly 11,000 tonnes of them have been checked by RIEW-Varna on suspicion signals. We have no data on how much was imported through the Bourgas and Varna ports separately. Assuming that it is equal, it means that one quarter of the imported garbage in Bulgaria is officially of dubious documents, origin and quality.

In 2017 RIEW-Varna did not perform any signal checks. In 2018, there were three inspections throughout the year, with all the waste tested being destined for final recovery at Devnya Cement. Of all 13 inspections by signal from 2014 to 2018, six of them have been incinerated at Devnya Cement, six at Beli Izvor Plant and one at Zlatna Panega Cement.

Who burns garbage?

Since 2005, the EEA has issued 8 complex permits under the Environmental Protection Act for carrying out activities for the utilization of RDF waste. During the parliamentary scrutiny of September 13, Neno Dimov refers as first one Devnya Cement AD, owned by the Italian company Italchimenti. This is followed by Holcim AD – the cement plant in Beli Izvor, Vratsa (50 tons of used printer supplies from Italy at an unlicensed landfill were discovered in Vratsa). A considerable part of the garbage imported through the Port of Varna, without considering the amount for Devnya Cement, goes to the plant in Beli Izvor, says the Chairman of the PECSD Ilian Iliev. The Plovdiv-based Zlatna Panega Cement, Bobov Dol TPP, Vulcan Cement – Dimitrovgrad (owned by Italchimenti) and Toplofikatsiya-Sliven are also licensed for waste incineration.

Greenburn EOOD Sofia owns two installations for combustion of hazardous waste and generation of heat in our country. One is at the Biovet antibiotic plant in Razgrad and it has a capacity of over 10 tons of hazardous waste per day and 3 tons per hour of non-hazardous waste. The other installation is in the Cave – at the Biovet Veterinary Medicine Plant. It has a capacity of 2-3 tons per hour of hazardous waste. Biovet is owned by Kiril Domuschiev. Through its managed companies, Domuschiev also keeps the Shipping Company Bulgarian Navy and BMF Port Bourgas – a company-port operator and concessionaire of Terminal Burgas East 2 and Terminal Burgas West – where the ships loaded with garbage dock.

In addition to Devnya Cement, EcoSef Ltd. has a permit for the use of waste as fuel in the Varna region. In 2018, the company received a permit for a thermal treatment facility for hazardous (8 t / day) and non-hazardous waste (40 t / day) in an urban area opposite the Devnya quarter. At the end of last year, the company submitted a proposal to RIEW to increase its capacity to 9.8 tonnes / day hazardous and 66 tonnes / day non-hazardous waste, including new types of combustion wastes containing petroleum, asbestos, hazardous substances , sludge, oil filters, brake and antifreeze fluids. The company has a pledge of a trading company against a loan of BGN 2.66 million from the bank of Tsvetelina Borislavova. In 2017, Ecoseif’s revenues were BGN 16,000 and in the next year, when it receives the waste incineration permit, they jumped to over BGN 1 million. The company is part of Sofia’s Perfect Property Portfolio Ltd., whose sole owner , according to the Trade Register, is 22-year-old Simona Prodanova.

The permit of another company on the territory of RIEW-Varna includes waste treatment with code 19 12 10 – Metarex Ltd. in Sofia. The company is affiliated with Wind Energy Ltd. – Dobrich, according to the Commercial Register.

18 other companies in the area have a registration document for waste collection and transportation with code 19 12 10: “Terminal Operator” EOOD; Ecohim – Devnya OOD; Pattrans OOD; Tanatos Ltd.; Yanika Kline Trans EOOD; Tusius Ltd.; Ecohimsnab EOOD; Deni Logistics EOOD; Land Armi Group EOOD; Multi Trans Varna OOD; M-Trans EOOD; Eco Scrap Varna Ltd.; Transfreight OOD; Elemar Group Ltd.; KTY EOOD; Adian AMG EOOD; Meteor Trans – 02 Ltd. and Elemar Group Ltd..

The garbage business in Bulgaria is in an upward trend and is attracting more and more participants.

Only numbers

The Waste Management Act introduces a restriction on the import to Bulgaria of waste destined for incineration up to quantities not exceeding half of the annual capacity of the installations. Without considering the large kilns of the cement factories, only 23 tons of hazardous imported waste can be incinerated in Razgrad and the Cave alone, subject to legal restrictions.

There is a strange discrepancy between the data on imported wastes, reported by former environmentalist Neno Dimov and the same, but with source, Finance Minister Vladislav Goranov. In response to a question to BSP MPs, Goranov states: the total amount of domestic industrial and technological waste generated for import into the country for the period 2014-2019 is 736 319 t. These are only customs-registered waste as imports from countries outside the European Union. On average, this amounts to about 123,000 tonnes a year. The figure is nearly 45,000 tonnes / year more than the figures presented by Neno Dimov to parliament.

Control

Combustion, also called RDF energy recovery, would not be such a problem in Bulgaria if control were at a sufficiently high level and corruption was sufficiently low. In Bulgaria, the responsibility for what happens to imported garbage is blurred between several institutions. RIEWs are obliged to periodically control all installations licensed for waste activities. The EEA should make control and emergency measurements of the same installations. In addition, transboundary shipments of waste are also controlled by: customs authorities, border police, road police, as well as the road administration, the railway administration and the maritime administration.

However, the basic control is left in the hands of the operators of the incineration plants themselves. According to the permits issued, they must carry out their own continuous and periodic measurements of dust, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, ammonia and organic substances designated as total carbon.
Operators are also required to carry out their own periodic measurements for hydrogen chloride and hydrogen fluoride, benzene, dioxins and furans and heavy metals.

The first signals for the incineration of imported garbage in Bulgaria date back to 2009, when a change to the European Waste Regulation was undertaken. Ecoglass then warned that Austrian garbage was being burned at the Beli Izvor Cement Plant and that air pollution samples were only taken when the plant was down.

What are we breathing?

The incineration of waste releases carcinogenic dioxins and furans, which are transported by air, accumulated in soil and water and become a danger to human health. Due to the heterogeneous composition of RDF waste, other toxic gases are thrown away during combustion. For example, phosgene, hydrogen cyanide, carbon monoxide and other compounds with strong toxic effects are released from plastics. In the case of waste plastic containing nitrogen, halogens, sulfur and other hazardous substances in the stream, the process can lead to air and soil pollution from the gases and ash generated.

We take as an example what is pollution from a cement plant with one of the most modern wastewater treatment plants in the country – Devnya Cement. From the 2018 annual report of the company to the EEA, it is clear that the carbon dioxide emission threshold is exceeded twice, carbon dioxide – 8 times, nitrogen oxides – 14 times, sulfur oxides – 5.5 times, of mercury – 4.6 times, of zinc – 2.5 times.

Nobody also talks about nanoparticles coming out of the chimney, because the laboratories in our country do not have the equipment to control them, the chairman of PECSD is indignant. By inhaling them, they enter directly through the cell membrane and damage the cell. The ultrafine dust particles are initially emitted as a result of combustion and are the most numerous.

In 2017, Bulgaria was sanctioned by the European Court of Justice for regularly exceeding the limit values ​​for fine particulate matter in the air. Last year, a lawsuit was filed against our country for failing to comply with sulfur dioxide standards.

The burning will continue

The incineration of imported waste in Bulgaria will continue with full steam while we closely monitor the statements of political figures by the governing. According to the eco-ministry and ex-minister Dimov, “in Bulgaria, the incineration of waste still has a small share compared to the average levels in the European Union, especially when compared to other countries. Only four Member States have a lower incineration rate – Cyprus, Malta, Greece and Croatia. In Latvia, it is in proportion to our percentage. ” The question is which data Dimov has compared – his, Goranov’s or coming from a third source.
The most recent European Union legislation by 2035 sets ambitious targets for 65% recycling of municipal waste and limiting their landfill to 10%. This means for the Bulgarian government that “at least 25% of the total amount of municipal waste should be incinerated. Otherwise, the goal of a 10% deposit is unthinkable. “.

Contrary to government policy, the Public Environmental Center for Sustainable Development is preparing a petition to ban the import of incineration waste with code 19 12 10.


С подкрепата на:
Проектът "Подобряване на общественото познание за ролята на гражданскатат организация за общността" се изпълнява с финансовата подкрепа на Исландия, Лихтенщайн и Норвегия по линия на Финансовия механизъм на ЕИП. Основната цел на проекта е подобряване информираността на гражданите за ролята на неправителствените организации в обществото.
Този материал е създаден с финансовата подкрепа на Фонд Активни граждани България по Финансовия механизъм на Европейското икономическо пространство. Цялата отговорност за съдържанието на документа се носи от Обществен център за околна среда и устойчиво развитие и при никакви обстоятелства не може да се приема, че този материал отразява официалното становище на Финансовия механизъм на Европейското икономическо пространство и Оператора на Фонд Активни граждани България.

Снимка: wikipedia.org

Let’s remember! Four nuclear accidents in less than 3 months in Japan

Four nuclear accidents happened in less than 3 months in Japan in the same NPP and with the same reactor. The action took place 39 years ago, in the period January – March. The radiation leaks were from Japan’s first boiling water reactor, the one at Tsuruga Nuclear Power Plant (Central Japan), built in 1974 in 48 months. As a result of the incidents, authorities have officially notified 278 people have been exposed.

The series of accidents in early 1981 ended on March 8. Then, 16 tons of radioactive water flow from the cooling system of the first unit. The cause was a crack in a pipe that causes radiation to escape into the environment. 56 Tsuruga NPP employees have been exposed to radiation during this incident alone. What is even more terrible is that the accident has been covered up for 40 days.

The Tsuruga NPP is located in Fukui Prefecture. It is owned by Japan Atomic Power Company (JAPC). The area of ​​the complex is 5.12 km2. There are two experimental reactors on the plant site: Fugen (decommissioned) and Monju. They are property of the Japan Nuclear Cycle Research Institute. Tsuruga NPP has two units and two more are under construction since 2017 and 2018.

An interesting fact is that the first accident occurred just a few months after the plant was opened. On October 1, 1974, 13 tons of radioactive water were discharged into the sea and 37 employees at the NPP were irradiated.

In 1994 at the Tsuruga Nuclear Power Plant, the experimental Monju reactor of fast neutrons for nuclear fuel reproduction was launched. Only a year later, strong vibrations in the second round of its cooling system cause the thermometric probe to break. Sodium leaks, causing a strong fire. Neither the alarm nor the automatic reactor shutdown system was triggered by the accident. The reactor has been stopped manually after about an hour and a half. Monju has been decommissioned for 14 years.

Five years after the incident, on June 12, 1999, another accident occurred and about 90 tons of radioactive water leakage from the second unit of Tsuruga NPP.

A number of other repair-related accidents were also discovered late, in which NPP personnel were exposed to high doses of radiation.

Japan’s Nuclear Energy Control Committee formally acknowledges in its 2013 report that a second unit of the Tsuruga NPP was built on an active fracture of the earth’s crust, which is prohibited by Japanese law, Kyodo news agency reported.

Photo: wikipedia


С подкрепата на:
Проектът "Подобряване на общественото познание за ролята на гражданскатат организация за общността" се изпълнява с финансовата подкрепа на Исландия, Лихтенщайн и Норвегия по линия на Финансовия механизъм на ЕИП. Основната цел на проекта е подобряване информираността на гражданите за ролята на неправителствените организации в обществото.
Този материал е създаден с финансовата подкрепа на Фонд Активни граждани България по Финансовия механизъм на Европейското икономическо пространство. Цялата отговорност за съдържанието на документа се носи от Обществен център за околна среда и устойчиво развитие и при никакви обстоятелства не може да се приема, че този материал отразява официалното становище на Финансовия механизъм на Европейското икономическо пространство и Оператора на Фонд Активни граждани България.

Center for Support for Civic Initiatives opened in Varna

Do you have any ideas about civic initiatives? And are you ready to invest your free time in realizing it? We will help you. See how in the interview of Ilian Iliev about BTA!


С подкрепата на:
Проектът "Подобряване на общественото познание за ролята на гражданскатат организация за общността" се изпълнява с финансовата подкрепа на Исландия, Лихтенщайн и Норвегия по линия на Финансовия механизъм на ЕИП. Основната цел на проекта е подобряване информираността на гражданите за ролята на неправителствените организации в обществото.
Този материал е създаден с финансовата подкрепа на Фонд Активни граждани България по Финансовия механизъм на Европейското икономическо пространство. Цялата отговорност за съдържанието на документа се носи от Обществен център за околна среда и устойчиво развитие и при никакви обстоятелства не може да се приема, че този материал отразява официалното становище на Финансовия механизъм на Европейското икономическо пространство и Оператора на Фонд Активни граждани България.

Leaf by Leaf 2019 – Results

606 trees were rescued from the Leaf by Leaf campaign in 2019.

Here’s who’s involved:

Участник Килограми предадена хартия за рециклиране Спасени дървета от изсичане
А    
Административен съд 950 16
Алтея 7 150 3
Адв. Александър Асенов 1909 32
Ана Мариус БГ – ЕООД 14 1
Аник Технолъджис ООД 200 3
Адв. Кантора Ралчев 170 3
Б    
Бон Тур 240 4
Български червен кръст (БЧК) 355 6
Басейн -Приморски 25 1
Биоклима БП ЕООД 10 1
В    
ВСУ “Черноризец Храбър” 1096 19
В и К 1954 33
Вестник ТРУД 90 2
Вилхелмсен 15 1
Веселка Ганчева 70 1
Витана Стефанова 2 1
Г    
Галина Петрова 20 1
Георгиева 65 1
Д    
ДГ “Звездичка” 298 5
ДГ “Синчец” 921 16
ДГ “Детска радост” 893 15
Даниела Кондова 15 1
Дилком 279 5
ДГ „Пламъче“ 535 9
ДГ “Люляче”” 57 1
ДГ “Детско градче” 379 6
Дом съвет – бл. 21 ceм. Cтефанови 65 1
Д-р Кръстев АИППМПДМ 60 1
ДГ “Дружба” 175 3
ДГ “Славейче” 180 3
Дом съвет бл.125 „Младост“ 50 1
Е    
ЕТ”Аспен”98 363 6
ЕФИВ Ш. Перо 890 15
ESI България ООД 380 6
Евромаркет 115 2
ЕМ ЕС СИ (MSC) България 110 2
ЕЦ Инглишър 11 1
Електрапомп 150 3
З    
ЗАД „Дженерали“ – бивше “Виктория” 265 5
ЗД – Муссала 60 1
ЗД „ВИП Брокерс“ 85 1
ЗД Метлайф Юръп Лимитид 69 1
ЗД „Юнайтед Брокерс“ 90 2
ЗД „Дженерал Брокерс“ 15 1
ЗБ “БрокерИнс” (ПФК) 35 1
И    
Илиян Димов Илиев 135 2
ИДТ България 32 1
Ивайло Иванов 10 1
К    
Koпи ком – офис 407 7
Копикомплекс – магазин 271 5
Кметство Тополи 240 4
K&K консулт 55 1
Каргил. 275 5
Карин дом 125 2
Кметство Kaзашко 60 1
Куклен театър – Варна 25 1
Л    
Ленмарк център 1224 21
Лидъл – България 110 2
М    
Местни Данъци 45 1
Марк – ЕООД 210 4
Младежки дом-Орбита 387 7
Математическа гимназия 948 16
MJ-project 20 1
Македонски дом 192 3
Марта Ненова 10 1
Мишо 10 1
Мартинели 30 1
Н    
Н.К. Полина Миткова 85 1
“На тъмно” (ЕТ”НИК” – Николай Тодоров) 55 1
Наско Гаджев 70 1
О    
OMV – “Автоекспрес” 160 3
OMV – “Република” 196 3
Окръжен съд Варна 2361 40
Оптика БГ 120 2
ОЦОСУР 50 1
ОУ”Кап.Петко Войвода” 507 9
ОУ “П. Славейков” 1156 20
ОУ „Димчо Дебелянов“ 1935 33
Общ-информационен център 382 6
ОУ”Панаьот Волов” 837 14
П    
Планекс Холдинг ООД 1641 28
Петромар 20 1
ПроКарт 70 1
Приморска Одиторска Компания 100 2
Прогресивно у-ще 82 1
Пи Ел Ейч – Инвест 60 1
Р    
Районна прокуратура – Варна 534 9
Район “Младост” 75 1
Рекс консултинг 120 2
Рекламна агенция „Реин“ 148 3
Региоком 99 2
Роси Бардарска 20 1
Реалфинанс 125 2
С    
СЖС 2037 35
сем. Панчеви 48 1
Скай – К 150 3
Свилена Велчева 30 1
Сем. Попови/Моневи 60 1
Сънтурс 718 12
Стил М Консулт 135 2
Сем. Николови (Елеонора Николова) 20 1
Сем. Златеви (Аксаково) 180 3
Т    
3 – K 170 3
TNT – Куриерски услуги 95 2
Турекспо – Варна 95 2
Taмекс ООД 20 1
Тестбилдинг 50 1
Тойота КарКом ЕООД 196 3
Транстрейд – ООД 30 1
Танчев и ко 40 1
     
Училища “Фарос” 65 1
Учебен цнтър „Патиланци“ 40 1
Ф    
Фотосинтезис 290 5
Флатрок технолъджис 335 6
Х    
Хотел „Адмирал“ (МО Почивно дело – Варна) 40 1
Ц    
Център за соц. Pexaбл. -РАДОСТ 25 1
Цвета Стоянова 102 2
Ю    
Юнашки салон (Община Варна отдел Спорт) 80 1
Юнитурс 45 1
Юлия Велчева 25 1
Общо 34830 606