Обществен Център за Околна Среда и Устойчиво Развитие

New conditions for Varna public transport

A change in the Ordinance about Terms and Conditions for Traveling at Preferential Prices in Public Transport of Varna Municipality was adopted by the Legal Commission of the City Council. Under the new conditions, besides older than 65 years, students, people with permanent disabilities and their companions will benefit from the reduction. The pensioners will pay BGN 2 per month for one suburban line and BGN 8 for all suburban lines. For $ 15 a month, students will be able to use all lines in the city. The monthly cards for people with disabilities for all lines will be from 8 BGN to 25 BGN. For disabilities between 50% and 70% the Ordinance sets the price of a card 25 BGN, between 71% and 90% 15 BGN and for persons with disabilities over 91% – 8 BGN. The companions of these persons can use monthly cards for all lines worth 15 BGN. A free subscription card is provided for persons under 18 years of age with permanent disabilities from 50% to 100%.

The changes also affect the prices of the cards without a discount. Within the city, according to the boundaries of the General Plan prices are:

– Monthly subscription card for one line – 35 BGN

– Monthly subscription card for all lines – 50 BGN

– Quarterly one-line subscription card – BGN 90

– Quarterly subscription card for all lines – 135 BGN

– Six-month subscription card for one line – 180 BGN.

– Six-month subscription card for all lines – 270 BGN.

– Annual subscription card for all lines – BGN 520

The total pledged funds for the activity „Transport“ for 2019 amount to BGN 8.4 million. With them the Municipality of Varna will provide financial support for changes in the Ordinance and the proposed social activity.

The purpose of the changes is to stimulate the use of public transport by citizens of Varna and the guests.

The Ordinance came from the joint meeting of the standing committees Finance and Transport and has been voted during a meeting of the Varna Municipal Council.

Dirty air – lung killer # 1

Air pollution is a major factor affecting the health of our respiratory system, according to current research published on World Lung Day – September 25. Smoking and the use of other inhalants that damage the lungs are ranked only after the environmental impact.

The red dot indicates that the level exceeds the norm.

226 mg / cubic meter was the level of particulate matter (PM 10) at 9.20 am on World Lung Day on Eighth Primorski Polk Blvd in the area of ​​Chataldzha in Varna. The data is collected from airtube.info that has a sensor for measuring airborne dust settled close to the office of the Public Environmental Center for Sustainable Development (PECSD). The average daily rate for PM is 50 mg / cubic meter. The measured value is indicative of the level of air pollution during rush hour near major boulevards in Varna. Particulate matters are responsible for exacerbating allergies, osmotic attacks, respiratory distress and lung cancer.

The PECSD Civic Ecology Laboratory can measure PM 10 and PM 2.5 in different points in the city at the same time.

The number one air pollutant in big cities in Bulgaria remains road transport. According to a study by the International Transport Cleanliness Council, diesel engines that meet the current Euro 6 environmental standard are nearly 5 times more dangerous than gasoline, Nova TV reported. The study, commissioned by local authorities in Paris, covers more than 180,000 vehicles. The study found that at temperatures above 30 degrees Celsius 20 – 30% more harmful substances are released into the atmosphere than below 30 degrees Celsius.

The 91% of the world’s population, including the Bulgarian population, lives in places where air quality exceeds WHO safety standards.

Lung disease imposes a huge burden on health globally and nationally, BTA reports. The facts are alarming:
65 million people suffer from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and 3 million die each year, making it the third leading cause of death worldwide.
10 million people develop tuberculosis, and 1.6 million die of it every year, making it the most common lethal infectious disease.
1.76 million people die of lung cancer each year, making it the deadliest cancer.
334 million people suffer from asthma, and it is the most common chronic childhood disease (affecting 14% of children worldwide) and is growing!
Pneumonia kills millions of people each year, making it a leading cause of death for both adolescents and the elderly.

Варненските ученици в кабинета на кмета на Дългопол.

Children won a fence and bins for Wonderful Rocks

Students from Konstantin Preslavski Secondary School of Humanities and Arts in Varna managed to arrange the installation of fences, waste bins and signs forbidding access to animals in the Wonderful Rocks. This happened during the meeting with the Mayor of Dalgopol Municipality Georgi Georgiev a few days ago. The decision came after a series of letters to institutions and the media about vandalism in the natural landmark.

The children took part in the 11th scientific expedition „Asparuhovo – a Future for the Folklore World“, during which they hiked the Wonderful Rocks. They see a natural landscape painted with graffiti, turned into a pasture and toilet for cow herds and a garbage dump for tourists. Their spontaneous idea of ​​organizing a clean-up action faces the limitations of the law. Therefore, they seek assistance from the Public Environmental Center for Sustainable Development (PECSD). After consulting for civil actions, the students wrote about the problem to the Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water (RIEW) – Varna, the Municipality of Dalgopol and the mayors of the villages Asparuhovo and Dobromir.

Only the mayor of Dulgopol Georgi Georgiev responds to their invitation to meet. He pledges to put up barriers, signs forbidding animals from accessing Wonderful Rocks and trash bins and cleaning up animal waste within November. According to him, only live security and video surveillance are a real and lasting solution to the problem. In addition to significant funding, the area of ​​landslide stones needs to be secured. Therefore, young people are considering setting up a non-profit association to organize a donation campaign to Save the Wonderful Rocks.

In addition to cleaning and safety, children have ideas about how to make Wonderful Rocks more attractive for tourists. „We want to find a convenient way to walk from Asparuhovo village to Chudnite Skali. Make an eco-trail and install colored lights so that the object can be seen from afar at night, „says sixth-grader Anna Bogdanova. The students also propose to put information boards not only with purely geographical data, but also with curiousity and little known stories about the place that they learned from the people in Asparuhovo village.

„At the next meeting in the municipality we will go with the intention to offer concrete help on our part,“ said seventh-grader Georgi Georgiev.

Sixth-grader Georgi Georgiev put his demands on the hands of the Mayor, and he even sat briefly in his chair.

„I’m positive. The mayor approaches gave me confidence that things will happen, „said his classmate Anna Bogdanova.

Wonderful Rocks was declared a landmark 70 years ago. It covers 12.5 hectares in the municipality of Dalgopol, 4 km from the village of Asparuhovo, on the shore of Tsonevo Dam. The purpose of the declaration is to protect the rock formations, which prohibits changes that damage the natural image of the rocks and the surrounding landscape and nature.

„Wonderful Rocks“ is included in the National Register of Protected Areas in Bulgaria and partially in the protected area under the Kamchiyska Mountain Birds Directive.

More information about children’s activities and how you can support them, see here!

Two underwater barriers are planned in St. Konstantin and Elena

Two underwater barriers are planned for construction in the resort of St. Konstantin and Elena. They are part of the detailed development plan for the completion of the Mineral Pool of the complex. The project has been approved today at a Varna Municipal Council meeting. The decision applies to the site of the Buna Marine Complex, Wing North „Big Beach“ and Wing South „Small Beach“ of the resort.

The plan envisages the construction of an underwater barrier whose height should allow only vessels with low draft – sailing and fishing boats – to enter. „According to preliminary simulation models, the implementation of the project will allow the accumulation of an additional beach strip and the formation of a new beach area,“ commented Victor Buzev, the chief architect of Varna. The area where the project will be implemented is occupied by a coastline of about 660 m length and 250 m width, with its widest part entering the sea at a width of 206 m with a total length of 117, 6 m.

The adoption of the plan gives green light to the coastal protection activities that should save the coastline from erosion processes.

PECSD Mission – Eco Community 2019 Ceremony

The mission „I choose a reusable glass“ will be presented at the French Institute in Sofia on October 3rd. The 2019 Eco Community Awards Ceremony will begin at 6pm. The initiative of the Public Environmental Center for Sustainable Development (PECSD) will be presented by Sabina Maximova, Coordinator of the „I choose a reusable cup“ mission. The invitation for the ceremony has been sent by the Embassy of France in Bulgaria, which is co-organizer of the Eco-Community 2019, together with the Ministries of Environment and Water, Regional Development and Public Works and Education and Science.

Why do I choose a reusable glass?

In most public kindergartens in Bulgaria drinking water is still given to children in disposable plastic cups. Every day in the 1894 kindergartens in Bulgaria 224 380 children are using more than 1 million cups. In one year the amount reach over 550 tonnes of non-recyclable waste! The single cup is used for only 2-3 seconds, after which it becomes a pollutant of water, air and soil for 300 to 500 years. This costs the taxpayer over BGN 6 million annually.

The purpose of the mission is to have every principal, teacher and parent of a child in kindergarten saying „I choose a reusable cup.“

Another reason why we should not build Belene NPP

That is why we do not have to build Belene NPP. Energy production technologies are evolving with great strides. To build a nuclear power plant under the current conditions is like buying a steam locomotive when there are electric ones on the market. The creation of a giant power plant will stop enterprises and universities to develop and research different kind of power source for the next 40-50 years. What if it doesn’t! What could we do with the billions invested in it?

20 years since the Tokaimura nuclear accident

Two people were killed, more than 600 were exposed to radiation, and 320,000 were evacuated from their homes after the accident in the Japanese city of Tokaimura. On September 30, 1999, a huge amount of radiation was emitted at an experimental nuclear fuel processing plant northeast of Tokyo. The reason is human error. Two technicians from the plant were killed on the spot.

The nuclear catastrophe is ranked fourth on the scale of the Naval Strategic Nuclear Forces (ISAF), but is considered to be the worst after Chernobyl.

Today, 20 years after the Tokaimura accident, the construction of nuclear power plants is still on the agenda of a number of governments, including the Bulgarian government. At the same time, no one gives a meaningful answer to the question – what do we do with the waste from NPP operation – the nuclear fuel used. The Tokaimura nuclear catastrophe is the result of attempts to recycle this waste.

See another reason why we should not build a nuclear power plant.

The 97% of children have plastic in their organism

The 97% of children have different plastic substances in their organisms. The study included 2,500 children between the ages of 3 and 17 and 15 different substances found in certain types of plastic. Of all 15 tested substances, 11 have been found and 97% of the children tested showed at least one of them in their urine.

The study was done by the Umweltbundesamt and Robert Koch Institut as part of the Deutsche Umweltstudie zur Gesundheit von Kinder und Jugendliche 2014 – 2017 project, cited by lessplastic.bg. Details of the study have not been published yet. According to other research, DEHF – plasticizer is found in humans in the highest amounts compared to other chemicals contained in plastic. The compound that makes plastic more elastic is used mainly in bottles and cups production. Once in the body, it disrupts the hormonal system and causes anti-estrogenic activity. Even if they are minimal the amounts of harmful substances that we take from plastics accumulate in our body. The result of this cumulative effect on our health will only become clear over time.

Polystyrene (PS) is most commonly used for the manufacture of disposable coffee cups, home food boxes, yogurt pans, toys. According to ASTM standards, polystyrene is considered to be non-degradable. It accumulates as a form of waste in the external environment, especially along coasts and waterways. The styrene monomer (from which polystyrene is made) is a cancer-causing agent.

In most public kindergartens in Bulgaria, drinking water from children is still given with disposable plastic cups. Every day in 1894 kindergartens in Bulgaria 224 380 children use more than 1 million cups. In one year the amount is over 550 tonnes of non-recyclable waste. The disposable glass is used within 2-3 seconds, after which it becomes a pollutant of water, air and soil for 300 to 500 years. This consumer „achievement“ costs the Bulgarian taxpayer over BGN 6 million annually. Another reason for our low standard of living!

If the kindergarten that your child attends has introduced multiple cups for use, this is not a reason to be reassured. About 90% of the entertainers in Bulgaria are not. This waste accumulates in soil and water – we ingest it eating fish or inhale its microscopic particles that are carried through the air.

Clean environment = healthy children = future!

Become part of the mission of the Public Environmental Center for Sustainable Development (PECSD)!

Choose a reusable glass! Take it to the nursery and say „My child will drink in this glass!“.

Parents of more than 2,400 children said no to plastic cups

Parents of more than 2,400 children from 29 municipal kindergartens in 10 districts in our country said „No!“ to plastic cups. During parental meetings they made the decision to buy chrome reusable metal cups for their children. Each jar has an individual symbol so that the child knows and uses it without the need for washing and sterilization after each drink of water. The solution meets the requirements of Regulation No. 3: an individual cup with a unique symbol for each child in the group, which can be used only for water only. This saves energy and resources, both on the environment and on the budget of parents and kindergarten. Once purchased, the metal cup can be used throughout the 4-year stay of the child in the nursery, and after its completion – to use at home.

However, the use of disposable plastic cups is still commonplace in over 1,800 childcare facilities in the country. This leads to both health risks for children and environmental risks. Plastic cups are not recycled and remain in the environment for between 300 and 500 years. As they decompose gradually, particles of them fall into soil, water and air. From the environment, microplastics are easily transmitted to the human body – along the food chain by animals and plants or by the air we breathe. It has already been scientifically proven that accumulated in the body leads to hormonal disorders and many diseases.

The mission of the Public Environmental Center for Sustainable Development (PECSD) is to have every parent, teacher and principal in kindergarten saying „I choose a reusable glass.“ So do you! Clean environment = healthy children!

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Enough with these plastic cups!

Every day in all the 1894 kindergartens of Bulgaria every child for a total of 224 380 uses an average of 5 disposable cups. Thus, 240 million cups are consumed annually with a total waste weight of over 550 tonnes. Plastic that will poison water, air, soil, and ourselves for 500 years – as long as its decay period. Is there a solution? Elementary.